Use the following articles to help you SUMMARIZE what were key moments in Mexico's History and Mexico Today. Please paraphrase these and DO NOT COPY word for word!
Paragraph 1, Pages 1-2 for Intro and Page 3-5 to help with Paragraph 2 - Introduction to Mexico and Early History with the Aztecs and Spanish Conquistadors
Paragraph 1: Introduction to Mexico, capital, # of states, geography, oceans, mountains, deserts, known for culture, trade with the US, drug cartels, importance of family, been growing and struggling, trying to modernize, strong culture with music, food, markets, holidays and more.
Paragraph 2: Early history - Aztecs, Montezuma, Conquest by Hernando Cortes from Spain, The Conquistadors, Trying to convert the natives to be Catholic, appalled by the human sacrifices, Spain won and took over and created the Hacienda system.
Paragraph 3 - Revolutions Against Spain and Fighting from Within
Paragraph 3: Father Miguel Hildalgo cries to revolt against Spain, numerous leaders take over, Mexico tried to modernize, Mexico gains independence, US vs Mexican War over land, Benito Juarez - important leader, others like Pancho Villa, Zapata, and others but numerous are killed in the name of independence - Civil Wars, nearly 2 million dead.
Paragraph 4 - Modernization, History from 1920-1980
Paragraph 4: New Constitution created, oil discovered, WW2 involvement, economic growth, foreign investment happens, the poor are overlooked, protests happen during the Olympics and 200+ are killed, PRI party in charge for seventy years, economy collapses in 1980's, large foreign debt to the US, Mexican liberals vs. Mexican conservatives, lot's of instability.
Paragraph 6: President Salinas Privatizes Mexico's businesses, sold to his friends. Corruption is expand, election fraud, creation of NAFTA with US and Canada for increased trade without taxes. Murders and corruption, bribes, drug trafficking, money laundering on the rise. An assassination of a Catholic Cardinal and a Presidential Candidate bring problems to the front of media attention. The PRI party is finally overthrown to the PAN party and Vicente Fox. The US also gets involved to end the drug trade and has already helped to bail Mexico out of debt.
Paragraph 7 - Drug Cartels, Trafficking, Violence, Kidnapping, Executions, Demand from US
Paragraph 7: Information about the Drug Cartels and Drug Trafficking, also including kidnapping, prostitution, executions, and illegal immigrants into the US, called Human Trafficking. Cartels obtain numerous illegal guns from the US, the US is the biggest consumer of the drugs. Billions of dollars made, thousands of deaths. El Chapo Guzman is the lead drug dealer, three main cartels, using tunnels, submarines, people, droves, catapults to bring the drugs into the US. Innocent people and children are killed. The police and military are paid off or killed - "silver or lead" and the three major cartels are: Los Zetas, Sinaloa which is El Chapo's, and The Knights of Templar, however there are several more that are pretty powerful too.
Paragraph 9: This is where you share all that you have learned about Mexico. Rich and controversial history, their role in the world, pros and cons of the country, concerns on the border, relationship with the USA, value of family and exciting and vibrant culture, high level of poverty, yet some major advancements, the strong perseverance of their people, important role of their faith and religion but growing violence and corruption, etc. Then say something really intelligent to wrap it all up - show off what you've learned!
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